Today, as part of a transportation package approved by state government, California drivers will have to dig a bit deeper to fill their tanks.

The new wallet-hoovering tax of 12 cents per gallon comes into effect today, hiking the price of gasoline in a state where the cost of running a car already outpaces the rest of the nation.

California excise tax on gasoline increases today by 12 cents per gallon, moving from 29.7 cents per gallon to 41.7 cents per gallon. The state sales tax on gasoline will remain at 2.25%. Combined, both taxes are expected to bring nearly $2.4 billion in revenue to state coffers on an annual basis. It’s also worth noting legislators will reexamine the tax in 2020 and adjust it for inflation.

Even though diesel has taken an public-relations battering in the wake of the Volkswagen debacle, California lawmakers are reaching into the pockets of oil-burning owners too. Starting today, the state excise tax on diesel fuel increases by 20 cents, up from 16 cents per gallon to 36 cents per gallon. The sales tax rate on diesel will increase from 9% to 13%.

All of this begs the question: if drivers begin opting for alternative fuel vehicles – be it electric, hydrogen, or something else – will the amount of cash raked in by taxes on fuel sales start to fall over time if fewer people are buying gasoline? Perhaps unsurprisingly, the state has a plan for this, too.

In addition to the increased gas tax, California will introduce a Transportation Improvement Fee, starting next year. This levy is based on the value of one’s vehicle and ranges from a $25 charge for cars valued at less than $5000 all the way up to a $175 charge for machines worth in excess of $60,000.

READ MORE: California Continues to Lead the Clean Car Market

Logically then, this means drivers of bucks-deluxe alternative propulsion cars, like the Tesla Model S and BMW i8, won’t escape extra levies. By the way, the Transportation Improvement Fee will increase again in 2020, based on inflation.

Also in 2020, zero-emission vehicles will be hit with a $100 annual Road Improvement Fee. As California is on a perpetual crusade to move drivers into ZEVs, one can expect this tariff to rake in tens of millions of dollars.

These tax increases and new levies are said to help raise billions of dollars annually in a bid to repair California’s crumbling roads and bridges. It will also be earmarked to improve mass transit, expand bike lanes, and reduce traffic congestion. The state has a backlog of $130 billion in repair and replacement projects for its transportation system.

By themselves, a case could be made that the new fuel taxes might have a chance of driving people into electric cars in a bid to escape paying The Man. However, with the other taxes firmly in place, such as the value-based levy and zero-emissions tariff, even those drivers won’t be able to hide from the long arm of government revenuers.