The HybridCars.com monthly sales Dashboard is a collaboration between HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates, a Michigan-based market research firm focusing on automotive issues including the hybrid and electric vehicle market.


Overall sales for May were up from both from a month ago and from last May. Total sales are estimated since GM is no longer reporting monthly sales; rather they will report their sales at the end of June on a quarterly basis. We have estimated GM’s total sales as well as volumes of their individual products. In addition, GM’s April sales have been adjusted based upon information not available a month ago. Further adjustments will be made in early July when actual sales are released, although it is unclear if monthly breakouts will be available. Plug-ins and battery electrics were up strongly from a year ago on the strength of new products, while hybrids and diesels were each down.

Sales for full electric vehicles were up from May of last year based upon sales of the Model 3. Tesla sales are, of course, up from a year ago, but are being carefully controlled in May and June to ensure that company sales to date do not exceed 200,000 until July. This delay will enable buyers to benefit from the full amount of federal tax incentives for an additional three months based upon the details of the law. Inventories of the Model 3 are being built up, and some are being sold in Canada in order to delay U.S. sales. Production of the Model 3 remains somewhat irregular, although the installation of new equipment at both the Gigafactory and Fremont should improve production rates in coming months. Note that sales of the Model S and X are also being delayed, so the third quarter should be exceptionally strong for all Tesla products.

Availability of the Nissan LEAF is starting to increase, although the higher-range model will not be available until late this year. The Chevrolet Bolt is not selling particularly well and is up only 10 percent year-to-date as compared to a year ago when the model was not fully available. Clearly, as sales increase at Tesla, the company’s products will dominate the segment even as they continue to fall short of expectations.

Plug-in hybrids had a very good month as compared to last year as the Prius Prime had its best month ever, slightly exceeding March of this year. The Chevy Volt is second in the category, but sales were down from a year ago (a reminder that these sales are estimated). Year-to-date, sales of the Volt are down by a third. The Honda Clarity is new and had its best-ever month in May. While the Fusion Energi has been a solid performer, the decline in cars and the lesser attention the product is receiving in terms of marketing and incentives are affecting its sales. Year-to-date, sales are strong based on the Prius Prime and Honda Clarity and the more upscale BMW 5 Series.

Hybrids are down from a year ago and year-to-date as the segment leaders continue to struggle. The Prius liftback is at the top of the chart but is still down a quarter year-to-date. The Fusion is also down a quarter from a year ago, with the RAV4 up from last year. Approximately 10 different products sell over 1,000 units monthly, with another 20 models selling modest amounts to round out the segment.

In the diesel category, the Ford Transit and Ram Pickup (volumes are estimated for both) lead the category and represent three-fourths of total sales. Sales of the Ram Pickup diesel are slowing as the changeover to the new model continues and diesel variants of the new version are held back. While Chevrolet continues to offer the Cruze and Colorado, and GMC offers the Canyon and Terrain, volumes of these products are modest.

Fuel cell vehicles are only offered by Honda, Toyota, and Hyundai and only available in California. This is because the necessary fueling infrastructure is only available there. Hyundai sales are negligible as they prepare for a new model known as the Nexo, which is likely to appear at the end of this year. Year-to-date, sales of all three products are up with the Clarity showing the greatest increase.

May 2018 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Car Sales Numbers

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles sold in the U.S. (May 2018): 151
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Take-Rate: 0.01%

U.S. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle sales for May 2018

BrandModel 5-18 Sales vs. 4-18 vs. 5-17 CY 2018 CY 18 vs 17 CY 2017 Current Month US ShareCurrent Month Manufacturer Share
ToyotaMirai 102 34.2%-37.0% 640 10.5% 579 67.55%Toyota67.55%
HondaClarity 30 -80.8%-74.8% 612 149.8% 245 19.87%Honda19.87%
HyundaiTucson 19 26.7%375.0% 36 100.0% 18 12.58%Hyundai12.58%
Total Fuel Cell 151 -38.9%-47.0% 1,288 53.0% 842
Total Auto Sales 1,580,000 17.3%4.7% 7,017,121 1.2% 6,936,962
Overall Fuel Cell Take Rate0.01%0.02%0.01%

May 2018 Plug-In Hybrid Car Sales Numbers

Plug-In Hybrids sold in the U.S. (May 2018): 11,236
Plug-In Hybrid Take-Rate: 0.71%

U.S. Plug-In Hybrid sales for May 2018

BrandModel 5-18 Sales vs. 4-18 vs. 5-17 CY 2018 CY 18 vs 17 CY 2017 Current Month U.S. ShareCurrent Month Manufacturer Share
ToyotaPrius Prime 2,924 11.3%53.2% 12,018 48.9% 8,073 26.02%Toyota26.02%
ChevroletVolt 1,675 58.0%-7.8% 6,213 -32.4% 9,187 14.91%General Motors15.17%
HondaClarity Plug In 1,639 56.2%N/A 5,224 N/A - 14.59%Honda14.59%
FordFusion Energi 740 -0.3%-26.0% 3,698 -15.0% 4,350 6.59%BMW14.44%
BMW5-Series Plug in 729 40.7%395.9% 2,573 1508.1% 160 6.49%Ford6.75%
BMWX5 499 -11.4%15.2% 2,546 53.6% 1,658 4.44%VW5.35%
ChryslerPacifica 400 33.3%-50.0% 1,352 32.9% 1,017 3.56%Hyundai5.34%
MitsubishiOutlander Plug In 297 8.8%N/A 1,566 N/A - 2.64%FCA3.56%
PorschePanamera S E-Hybrid 275 -18.2%27400.0% 661 7244.4% 9 2.45%Volvo3.29%
AudiA3 Plug In 267 41.3%-9.2% 1,014 -43.5% 1,796 2.38%Daimler2.85%
KiaNiro Plug In 218 81.7%N/A 966 N/A - 1.94%Mitsubishi2.64%
HyundaiIoniq Plug In 217 20.6%N/A 815 N/A - 1.93%
VolvoXC60 Plug In 214 51.8%N/A 786 N/A - 1.90%
MercedesC350We Plug-in Hybrid 166 5.1%2271.4% 733 154.5% 288 1.48%
MiniCountryman Plug In 163 53.8%N/A 570 N/A - 1.45%
BMW3-Series Plug in 150 -9.6%-68.4% 761 -44.6% 1,373 1.33%
VolvoXC90 Plug In 126 41.6%-29.2% 513 -15.2% 605 1.12%
KiaOptima Plug In 98 -31.0%15.3% 585 87.5% 312 0.87%
MercedesGLE 550e Plug In Hybrid 83 -10.8%151.5% 441 94.3% 227 0.74%
HyundaiSonata Plug In 67 76.3%-34.3% 289 -28.8% 406 0.60%
BMWi8 64 12.3%255.6% 239 20.7% 198 0.57%
MercedesGLC 350e Hybrid 64 8.5%N/A 185 N/A - 0.57%
PorscheCayenne S E-Hybrid 59 -77.7%-66.1% 755 -3.6% 783 0.53%
CadillacCT6 30 -28.6%87.5% 119 395.8% 24 0.27%
VolvoS90 Plug In 30 3.4%N/A 167 N/A - 0.27%
FordC-Max Energi 18 -68.4%-98.1% 556 -83.9% 3,444 0.16%
BMW7-Series Plug in 17 -71.7%-48.5% 149 -40.6% 251 0.15%
MercedesS550 Plug In 7 -22.2%-91.6% 43 -87.0% 330 0.06%
CadillacELR - N/AN/A - -100.0% 7 0.00%
Total PHEV 11,236 18.3%31.4% 45,537 32.0% 34,498
Total Auto Sales 1,580,000 17.3%4.7% 7,017,121 1.2% 6,936,962
Overall PHEV Rate0.71%0.65%0.50%
* Estimated

May 2018 Battery Electric Car Sales Numbers

Battery Electrics sold in the U.S. (May 2018): 12,996
Battery Electric Take-Rate: 0.82%

U.S. Battery Electric sales for May 2018

BrandModel 5-18 Sales vs. 4-18 vs. 5-17 CY 2018 CY 18 vs 17 CY 2017 Current Month U.S. ShareCurrent Month Manufacturer Share
TeslaModel 3* 6,300 65.8%N/A 18,280 N/A - 48.48%Tesla71.56%
NissanLeaf 1,576 34.6%13.2% 5,292 -7.8% 5,742 12.13%Nissan12.13%
TeslaModel S* 1,500 25.0%-11.8% 8,000 -10.1% 8,900 11.54%General Motors8.66%
TeslaModel X* 1,500 50.0%-16.7% 6,900 -1.4% 7,000 11.54%BMW3.26%
ChevroletBolt EV 1,125 7.7%-28.2% 6,545 10.0% 5,950 8.66%Hyundai1.27%
BMWi3** 424 -15.7%-16.2% 2,924 20.6% 2,425 3.26%Chrysler0.82%
KiaSoul EV 133 -12.5%3.1% 720 -2.2% 736 1.02%Daimler0.75%
Fiat500e* 106 -9.4%-65.8% 616 -61.9% 1,616 0.82%Ford0.68%
SmartforTwo EV 95 18.8%9400.0% 452 737.0% 54 0.73%VW0.58%
FordFocus EV 88 6.0%-33.3% 451 -52.4% 948 0.68%Honda0.28%
VWe-Golf 76 -40.6%-80.1% 744 -55.0% 1,655 0.58%Mitsubishi0.00%
HondaClarity BEV 37 428.6%N/A 399 N/A - 0.28%
HyundaiIoniq EV 32 -22.0%-57.3% 185 86.9% 99 0.25%
MercedesB-Class Electric 3 -57.1%-93.5% 132 -51.3% 271 0.02%
ChevroletSpark 1 N/AN/A 2 -83.3% 12 0.01%
Mitsubishii - N/AN/A - -100.0% 6 0.00%
Total BEV 12,996 39.2%61.7% 51,642 45.8% 35,414
Total Auto Sales 1,580,000 17.3%4.7% 7,017,121 1.2% 6,936,962
Overall BEV Take Rate0.82%0.74%0.51%
* Estimated
** Breakdown between electric and range extended model is not available.

May 2018 Hybrid Car Sales Numbers

Hybrids sold in the U.S. (May 2018): 31,918
Hybrid Take-Rate: 2.02%

U.S. Hybrid sales for May 2018

BrandModel 5-18 Sales vs. 4-18 vs. 5-17 CY 2018 CY 18 vs 17 CY 2017 Current Month US ShareCurrent Month Mfr Share
ToyotaPrius Liftback 4,760 24.3%-21.5% 20,554 -25.6% 27,636 14.91%Toyota53.17%
FordFusion Hybrid 4,597 47.3%-18.9% 19,941 -22.8% 25,840 14.40%Ford18.85%
ToyotaRAV4 4,268 12.6%4.9% 19,347 13.4% 17,061 13.37%Hyundai/Kia14.42%
HondaAccord Hybrid 2,591 313.9%31.1% 4,089 -55.5% 9,184 8.12%Honda9.16%
KiaNiro Hybrid 2,590 16.7%-2.6% 10,517 0.3% 10,488 8.11%General Motors3.10%
ToyotaCamry Hybrid 2,001 10.6%16.9% 9,113 22.3% 7,453 6.27%Nissan1.31%
ToyotaHighlander Hybrid 1,687 22.9%11.4% 6,531 -2.1% 6,674 5.29%BMW0.00%
LexusRX 400 / 450 h 1,359 63.3%81.9% 4,407 45.7% 3,025 4.26%Mercedes-Benz0.00%
HyundaiIoniq Hybrid 1,257 -19.8%-28.3% 6,093 80.5% 3,376 3.94%Subaru0.00%
FordC-Max Hybrid 973 33.8%10.6% 4,008 16.2% 3,449 3.05%Volkswagen0.00%
ToyotaPrius C 818 14.6%-27.0% 3,873 -37.4% 6,182 2.56%
LexusNX Hybrid 762 26.2%234.2% 3,077 193.6% 1,048 2.39%
ToyotaAvalon Hybrid 698 3.1%69.4% 3,193 41.7% 2,254 2.19%
GMCSierra Hybrid 564 46.5%809.7% 1,805 2244.2% 77 1.77%
HyundaiSonata 471 19.8%-36.9% 2,135 -59.1% 5,223 1.48%
LincolnMKZ 446 28.9%-24.1% 1,650 -39.8% 2,739 1.40%
LexusES Hybrid 389 16.5%-16.7% 1,588 -13.8% 1,843 1.22%
NissanRogue Hybrid 384 64.8%N/A 1,782 N/A - 1.20%
ChevroletMalibu Hybrid 291 20.2%-41.0% 1,314 -38.8% 2,147 0.91%
KiaOptima Hybrid 283 5.2%28.6% 1,786 51.7% 1,177 0.89%
AcuraMDX Hybrid 237 -11.6%60.1% 881 329.8% 205 0.74%
ToyotaPrius V 170 -32.0%-81.7% 1,882 -57.9% 4,474 0.53%
BuickLacrosse Hybrid 135 -47.3%1400.0% 1,970 2598.6% 73 0.42%
AcuraRLX Hybrid 79 16.2%464.3% 334 221.2% 104 0.25%
LexusLS 500h 43 7.5%N/A 124 N/A - 0.13%
InfinitiQ50 Hybrid 29 52.6%-78.5% 165 -74.8% 655 0.09%
AcuraNSX Hybrid 15 200.0%-34.8% 87 -64.8% 247 0.05%
LexusLC 500h 11 10.0%-63.3% 51 70.0% 30 0.03%
LexusGS 450h 5 66.7%25.0% 18 -21.7% 23 0.02%
InfinitiQ70 Hybrid 4 33.3%-20.0% 22 -24.1% 29 0.01%
HondaCR-Z 1 -80.0%-98.5% 31 -93.6% 486 0.00%
AcuraILX Hybrid - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
AudiQ5 Hybrid - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
BMW ActiveHybrid 5 (535ih) - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
BMW 7-Series ActiveHybrid - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
BuickRegal Hybrid - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 5 0.00%
ChevroletImpala Hybrid - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
HondaCivic Hybrid - N/A-100.0% 2 -96.1% 51 0.00%
HondaInsight - N/AN/A - -100.0% 2 0.00%
InfinitiQX60 Hybrid - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 298 0.00%
LexusCT200h - N/A-100.0% 4 -99.9% 3,311 0.00%
MercedesE400H - N/AN/A - -100.0% 3 0.00%
NissanPathfinder Hybrid - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 389 0.00%
SubaruXV Crosstrek Hybrid - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 33 0.00%
VolkswagenJetta Hybrid - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 54 0.00%
Total Hybrid 31,918 27.6%-5.3% 132,374 -10.2% 147,348
Total Auto Sales 1,580,000 17.3%4.7% 7,017,121 1.2% 6,936,962
Overall Hybrid Take Rate2.02%1.89%2.12%

May 2018 Diesel Car Sales Numbers

Diesels sold in the U.S. (May 2018): 10,986
Diesel Take-Rate: 0.70%

U.S. Diesel sales for May 2018

BrandModel 5-18 Sales vs. 4-18 vs. 5-17 CY 2018 CY 18 vs 17 CY 2017 Current Month US ShareCurrent Month Manufacturer Share
FordTransit Diesel* 5,430 29.1%12.4% 20,258 4.1% 19,454 49.43%Ford49.43%
RamRam Pickup Diesel* 2,710 18.0%N/A 10,751 1559.1% 648 24.67%Chrysler25.04%
ChevroletColorado Diesel 754 5.8%13.2% 3,386 2.8% 3,294 6.86%GM13.24%
GMCCanyon Diesel 304 11.8%-1.9% 1,258 -16.2% 1,502 2.77%Jaguar Land Rover4.65%
BMW X5 Diesel 268 16.0%-1.8% 1,338 39.1% 962 2.44%Volkswagen3.95%
ChevroletCruze Diesel 234 47.2%125.0% 771 247.3% 222 2.13%BMW3.69%
Land RoverRange Rover Sport 209 16.8%-8.3% 1,823 20.2% 1,517 1.90%Mercedes-Benz0.00%
GMCTerrain Diesel 163 -43.8%N/A 1,543 N/A - 1.48%
VolkswagenTouareg Diesel 113 0.9%N/A 872 87100.0% 1 1.03%
BMW 3-Series Diesel 111 -11.2%-19.6% 596 -3.9% 620 1.01%
AudiQ5 Diesel 108 -2.7%N/A 606 N/A - 0.98%
Land RoverRange Rover Velar 107 32.1%N/A 598 N/A - 0.97%
Land RoverRange Rover 100 0.0%-39.8% 542 -55.9% 1,228 0.91%
JaguarF-Pace 57 11.8%-67.4% 450 -64.2% 1,256 0.52%
AudiQ7 Diesel 52 10.6%N/A 528 N/A - 0.47%
AudiA6 Diesel 48 14.3%N/A 191 N/A - 0.44%
RamPromaster Van Diesel 41 46.4%-2.4% 134 -20.7% 169 0.37%
JaguarXE 30 50.0%-76.0% 176 -80.9% 922 0.27%
AudiA7 Diesel 26 -3.7%N/A 132 N/A - 0.24%
BMW 5-Series Diesel 26 23.8%N/A 73 82.5% 40 0.24%
Porsche Cayenne Diesel 23 9.5%N/A 333 N/A - 0.21%
VolkswagenJetta Diesel 19 5.6%-98.0% 114 -92.8% 1,574 0.17%
AudiA8 Diesel 15 0.0%N/A 68 N/A - 0.14%
VolkswagenBeetle Diesel 10 -16.7%-89.0% 70 -48.1% 135 0.09%
VolkswagenPassat Diesel 9 80.0%-99.2% 69 -96.4% 1,916 0.08%
JaguarXF 8 100.0%-84.9% 89 -56.2% 203 0.07%
VolkswagenGolf Sportwagon Diesel 8 100.0%-99.6% 53 -98.4% 3,236 0.07%
VolkswagenGolf Diesel 3 -25.0%-99.3% 17 -96.2% 446 0.03%
AudiA3 Diesel - N/A-100.0% 5 -86.1% 36 0.00%
BMW 7-Series Diesel - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
BMW X3 Diesel - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 23 0.00%
JeepGrand Cherokee Diesel - N/AN/A - -100.0% 725 0.00%
MaseratiGhibli - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
MercedesC-Class Diesel - N/AN/A - -100.0% 10 0.00%
MercedesE-Class Diesel - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 20 0.00%
MercedesGL-Class Diesel - N/A-100.0% 4 -76.5% 17 0.00%
MercedesGLS-Class Diesel - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
MercedesGLK Class Diesel - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
MercedesGLE-Class Diesel - N/AN/A - -100.0% 11 0.00%
MercedesML Class Diesel - N/AN/A 3 -25.0% 4 0.00%
Total Diesel 10,986 19.5%-5.2% 46,851 16.6% 40,191
Total Auto Sales 1,580,000 17.3%4.7% 7,017,121 1.2% 6,936,962
Overall Diesel Take Rate0.70%0.67%0.58%
* Estimated