A new study by auditing firm KPMG International titled the “Automated Vehicles Readiness Index” has scored 20 countries in their preparedness to accommodate autonomous driving.

In first place is the Netherlands, followed by Singapore, the United States, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Rounding out the bottom five are China, Brazil, Russia, Mexico, and India. Key highlights include the Netherlands’ top-four ranking in each of the Index’ pillars with Singapore ranking number one in policy, legislation, and consumer acceptance and the U.S. ranking number one in technology and innovation.

“The U.S. has a highly innovative but largely disparate environment with little predictability regarding the uniform adoption of national standards for AVs,” said Timothy D. Wilschetz, principal of KPMG’s Infrastructure Advisory program in the U.S., in the report. “Therefore, the prospect of widespread driverless vehicles is unlikely in the near future. However, federal policy and regulatory guidance could certainly accelerate early adoption, particularly concerning limited freight applications such as truck platooning.”

The index is based on four key criteria to determine autonomous readiness, based on the completeness of each country’s policy, technology, innovation, infrastructure, and consumer acceptance. Each of these four pillars is then distilled into specific variables, including but not limited to government support in supporting AV projects through regulations and funding, AV patents per million people, EV market share, private sector investments, accommodation of AV testing in each region, and number of EV charging stations.

In the report, each of the top 20 country ratings is explained in detail, deep-diving into initiatives specific to each region, such as Austria’s 12th place finish, with a snapshot of its automotive and industry research organizations, with key takeaways and quotes from KPMG officials summarizing progress in each region.

To read the full report, visit Automated Vehicles Readiness Index.

KPMG International’s Global Public Report transport division provides support services for authorities to build readiness for self-driving vehicle opportunities.