The American Center for Mobility has commissioned a study on the impact of autonomous vehicles on transportation jobs, with its findings to be released by summer 2018.

The study, a collaboration between Michigan State University and the Texas A&M Transportation Institute with co-sponsorship by AARP and Waymo, Google’s self-driving unit, will focus on how autonomous vehicles will impact existing jobs belonging to approximately 3.5 million truck, taxi, and delivery drivers in the U.S.

Specifically, the study will try to deep-dive into the types of training opportunities new autonomous vehicle technology is expected to require, in the areas of skills development and deployment.

“Our goal is to ensure that employees, employers, and policymakers are informed about the potential developments, so they can approach them proactively rather than reacting to issues as they arise,” said Soraya Kim, chief innovation officer at the American Center for Mobility, in a statement.

“Connected and automated technologies have the potential to create a safer and less stressful occupation for platooning truck drivers, while creating opportunities to be involved with cutting-edge technologies that will change the way freight logistics will be delivered in the future,” said Christopher Poe, assistant director of connected and automated transportation strategy at the Texas A&M Transportation Institute.

The American Center for Mobility is a non-profit organization that promotes research in connected and autonomous cars.

Headquartered on a 500-acre site in Ypsilanti Township, Mich., the $135-million facility is an autonomous vehicle testing ground operated by the State of Michigan and various Michigan transportation and economic organizations. Facilities include a 2.5-mile highway loop, intersections, double overpasses, and other real-world structures designed to test its technology.

During its Dec. 2017 launch, Toyota and Visteon performed inaugural test runs with participation by various testing partners, including but not limited to AT&T and Ford.