The HybridCars.com monthly sales Dashboard is a collaboration between HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates, a Michigan-based market research firm focusing on automotive issues including the hybrid and electric vehicle market.


Overall sales for April were down from both from a year ago and from last April. April had two fewer selling days and one less weekend, as compared to April 2017. Total sales are estimated since GM is no longer reporting monthly sales; rather they will report their sales at the end of June on a quarterly basis. We have estimated their total sales as well as volumes of their individual products. Adjustments will be made in early July when actual sales are released. Plug-ins, battery electrics, and diesels were up from a year ago on the strength of new products, while hybrids were down.

Sales for full electric vehicles were up from April of last year based upon sales of the Model 3. Sales of the Model 3 remain far below estimates and did not rise significantly from March. While an expectation of much greater production and sales by the end of June has been put forward, April’s results were not very positive. Production was down for several days in order to make adjustments to the production line but significantly higher volumes have not yet been achieved. Bolt sales (remember, they are estimated) were down from the last two months and remain at a relatively modest annual rate. While some commentators focus on the fact that the Bolt is readily available and of strong quality, sales remain modest. GM’s marketing of both the Bolt and Volt have not resulted in high sales volumes. Sales of the Model S and X were also relatively modest, in part due to resources being “borrowed” from the Model S/X line to assist in the production of Model 3. LEAF sales remain modest, as the higher-range model remains several months from availability. Most of the other vehicles in the category were down from year-ago and year-to-date.

Plug-in hybrids also had a very good month as compared to last year as the Prius Prime had another good month, albeit down from March 2018. Year-to-date sales are running at about a 30,000 annual rate. The Chevy Volt is second in the category, but sales were rather modest (a reminder that these sales are estimated). Year-to-date, sales of the Volt are down by a third. As noted earlier, C-Max Energi sales are on their final glide path as the vehicle is no longer being built (and production of the C-Max Hybrid ends early this month).  Sales of the Honda Clarity continue to move forward, although they were down modestly from March. The Fusion Energi continues to sell at a consistent level, at an approximate annual rate of over 10,000 units. Sales in the category are up by a third year-to-date.

Hybrids were down from year-ago and year-to-date as the segment leaders continue to struggle.  The Prius Liftback moved up to the top of the chart again, but just barely, with the RAV4 and Fusion close behind.  The RAV4 remains the primary high-volume entry that has increased volume year-to-date as compared to the first four months of 2017.  Toyota’s share of the segment is at just over 55%, with Hyundai/Kia and Ford each at just over 15%. The Camry hybrid continues to show good gains year-to-date as compared to last year, as does the Hyundai Ioniq and Lexus RX.    

In the diesel category, the Ford Transit and Ram Pickup (volumes are estimated for both) lead the category and represent well over two-thirds of total sales. Sales of the Ram Pickup diesel may moderate in coming months as the changeover to the new model occurs and diesel versions are held back. Small volumes of Audi and VW diesels are being sold, but these are “leftovers” from before the diesel crisis that have been modified to meet federal requirements. While Chevrolet continues to offer the Cruze and Colorado, and GMC offers the Canyon and Terrain, volumes of these products are modest.

Fuel cell vehicles are only offered by Honda, Toyota, and Hyundai and only available in California.  This is because the necessary fueling infrastructure is only available there. Hyundai sales are negligible as they prepare for a new model known as the Nexeo which is likely to appear at the end of this year.  While volumes are modest, sales of the Honda Clarity continue to grow.

April 2018 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Car Sales Numbers

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles sold in the U.S. (April 2018): 247
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Take-Rate: 0.02%

U.S. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle sales for April 2018

BrandModel 4-18 Sales vs. 3-18 vs. 4-17 CY 2018 CY 18 vs 17 CY 2017 Current Month US ShareCurrent Month Manufacturer Share
HondaClarity 156 28.9%358.8% 582 361.9% 126 63.16%Honda63.16%
ToyotaMirai 76 -8.4%-28.3% 538 29.0% 417 30.77%Toyota30.77%
HyundaiTucson 15 N/A200.0% 17 21.4% 14 6.07%Hyundai6.07%
Total Fuel Cell 247 21.1%70.3% 1,137 104.1% 557
Total Auto Sales 1,350,000 -18.0%-12.8% 5,440,654 0.2% 5,427,299
Overall Fuel Cell Take Rate0.02%0.02%0.01%

April 2018 Plug-In Hybrid Car Sales Numbers

Plug-In Hybrids sold in the U.S. (April 2018): 9,807
Plug-In Hybrid Take-Rate: 0.73%

U.S. Plug-In Hybrid sales for April 2018

BrandModel 4-18 Sales vs. 3-18 vs. 4-17 CY 2018 CY 18 vs 17 CY 2017 Current Month U.S. ShareCurrent Month Manufacturer Share
ToyotaPrius Prime 2,626 -10.1%44.4% 9,094 47.5% 6,165 26.78%Toyota26.78%
ChevroletVolt 1,400 -21.4%-22.5% 4,878 -33.8% 7,370 14.28%BMW14.99%
HondaClarity Plug In 1,049 -1.1%N/A 3,585 N/A - 10.70%General Motors14.70%
FordFusion Energi 742 -5.1%-18.0% 2,958 -11.7% 3,350 7.57%Honda10.70%
BMWX5 563 -10.2%93.5% 2,047 67.1% 1,225 5.74%Ford8.15%
BMW5-Series Plug in 518 -24.8%3884.6% 1,844 14084.6% 13 5.28%VW8.06%
PorschePanamera S E-Hybrid 336 585.7%16700.0% 386 4725.0% 8 3.43%Hyundai4.89%
ChryslerPacifica 300 14.5%46.3% 952 338.7% 217 3.06%Daimler3.25%
MitsubishiOutlander Plug In 273 -26.8%N/A 1,269 N/A - 2.78%FCA3.06%
PorscheCayenne S E-Hybrid 265 34.5%43.2% 696 14.3% 609 2.70%Mitsubishi2.78%
AudiA3 Plug In 189 -11.7%-37.2% 747 -50.3% 1,502 1.93%Volvo2.64%
HyundaiIoniq Plug In 180 -17.4%N/A 598 N/A - 1.84%
BMW3-Series Plug in 166 -17.8%-36.2% 611 -32.0% 898 1.69%
MercedesC350We Plug-in Hybrid 158 -24.0%5166.7% 567 101.8% 281 1.61%100.00%
KiaOptima Plug In 142 -9.0%65.1% 487 114.5% 227 1.45%
VolvoXC60 Plug In 141 -15.6%N/A 572 N/A - 1.44%
KiaNiro Plug In 120 -47.1%N/A 748 N/A - 1.22%
MiniCountryman Plug In 106 43.2%N/A 407 N/A - 1.08%
MercedesGLE 550e Plug In Hybrid 93 -48.6%158.3% 358 84.5% 194 0.95%
VolvoXC90 Plug In 89 -4.3%-38.6% 387 -9.4% 427 0.91%
BMW7-Series Plug in 60 93.5%-51.2% 132 -39.4% 218 0.61%
MercedesGLC 350e Hybrid 59 3.5%N/A 121 N/A - 0.60%
BMWi8 57 21.3%147.8% 175 -2.8% 180 0.58%
FordC-Max Energi 57 -45.7%-92.1% 538 -78.4% 2,494 0.58%
CadillacCT6 42 147.1%600.0% 89 1012.5% 8 0.43%
HyundaiSonata Plug In 38 -51.3%-60.8% 222 -27.0% 304 0.39%
VolvoS90 Plug In 29 -44.2%N/A 137 N/A - 0.30%
MercedesS550 Plug In 9 -18.2%-88.9% 36 -85.4% 247 0.09%
CadillacELR - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 7 0.00%
Total PHEV 9,807 -10.0%37.9% 34,641 33.5% 25,944
Total Auto Sales 1,350,000 -18.0%-12.8% 5,440,654 0.2% 5,427,299
Overall PHEV Rate0.73%0.64%0.48%
* Estimated

April 2018 Battery Electric Car Sales Numbers

Battery Electrics sold in the U.S. (April 2018): 9,589
Battery Electric Take-Rate: 0.71%

U.S. Battery Electric sales for April 2018

BrandModel 4-18 Sales vs. 3-18 vs. 4-17 CY 2018 CY 18 vs 17 CY 2017 Current Month U.S. ShareCurrent Month Manufacturer Share
TeslaModel 3* 3,800 3.3%N/A 11,980 N/A - 39.63%Tesla62.57%
ChevroletBolt EV 1,300 -26.7%0.6% 5,675 29.4% 4,384 13.56%General Motors13.56%
TeslaModel S* 1,200 -62.5%0.0% 6,500 -9.7% 7,200 12.51%Nissan12.21%
NissanLeaf 1,171 -21.9%10.2% 3,716 -14.6% 4,350 12.21%BMW5.25%
TeslaModel X* 1,000 -60.0%11.1% 5,400 3.8% 5,200 10.43%Hyundai2.01%
BMWi3** 503 -49.3%-2.5% 2,500 30.3% 1,919 5.25%VW1.33%
KiaSoul EV 152 -3.2%-9.0% 587 -3.3% 607 1.59%Chrysler1.22%
VWe-Golf 128 -22.0%-58.3% 668 -47.6% 1,274 1.33%Daimler0.91%
Fiat500e* 117 -11.4%-61.0% 510 -60.9% 1,306 1.22%Ford0.87%
FordFocus EV 83 -39.4%-33.6% 363 -55.5% 816 0.87%Honda0.07%
SmartforTwo EV 80 -22.3%2566.7% 357 573.6% 53 0.83%Mitsubishi0.00%
HyundaiIoniq EV 41 -31.7%115.8% 153 537.5% 24 0.43%
HondaClarity BEV 7 -85.4%N/A 362 N/A - 0.07%
MercedesB-Class Electric 7 -78.8%-89.4% 129 -42.7% 225 0.07%
ChevroletSpark - N/A-100.0% 1 -91.7% 12 0.00%
Mitsubishii - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 6 0.00%
Total BEV 9,589 -33.8%60.9% 38,901 42.1% 27,376 100.00%
Total Auto Sales 1,350,000 -18.0%-12.8% 5,440,654 0.2% 5,427,299
Overall BEV Take Rate0.71%0.72%0.50%
* Estimated
** Breakdown between electric and range extended model is not available.

April 2018 Hybrid Car Sales Numbers

Hybrids sold in the U.S. (April 2018): 25,019
Hybrid Take-Rate: 1.85%

U.S. Hybrid sales for April 2018

BrandModel 4-18 Sales vs. 3-18 vs. 4-17 CY 2018 CY 18 vs 17 CY 2017 Current Month US ShareCurrent Month Mfr Share
ToyotaPrius Liftback 3,830 -5.8%-34.0% 15,794 -26.8% 21,571 15.31%Toyota57.02%
ToyotaRAV4 3,790 -8.2%7.8% 15,079 16.1% 12,991 15.15%Hyundai/Kia17.79%
FordFusion Hybrid 3,120 -32.8%-30.8% 15,344 -23.9% 20,169 12.47%Ford16.76%
KiaNiro Hybrid 2,220 -1.4%-24.5% 7,927 1.3% 7,828 8.87%Honda3.89%
ToyotaCamry Hybrid 1,809 -14.9%19.6% 7,112 23.9% 5,742 7.23%General Motors3.53%
HyundaiIoniq Hybrid 1,568 12.7%20.9% 4,836 197.8% 1,624 6.27%Nissan1.02%
ToyotaHighlander Hybrid 1,373 -2.0%-17.4% 4,844 -6.1% 5,160 5.49%BMW0.00%
LexusRX 400 / 450 h 832 -13.8%35.3% 3,048 33.8% 2,278 3.33%Mercedes-Benz0.00%
FordC-Max Hybrid 727 -18.3%-2.9% 3,035 18.1% 2,569 2.91%Subaru0.00%
ToyotaPrius C 714 -12.3%-38.5% 3,055 -39.6% 5,061 2.85%Volkswagen0.00%
ToyotaAvalon Hybrid 677 -18.2%69.3% 2,495 35.5% 1,842 2.71%
HondaAccord Hybrid 626 363.7%-65.0% 1,498 -79.2% 7,208 2.50%
LexusNX Hybrid 604 -17.8%233.7% 2,315 182.3% 820 2.41%
HyundaiSonata 393 -30.1%-61.4% 1,664 -62.8% 4,477 1.57%
GMCSierra Hybrid 385 -18.8%3750.0% 1,241 8173.3% 15 1.54%
LincolnMKZ 346 -3.6%-32.0% 1,204 -44.0% 2,151 1.38%
LexusES Hybrid 334 -13.9%-6.2% 1,199 -12.9% 1,376 1.33%
KiaOptima Hybrid 269 -21.6%18.0% 1,503 57.1% 957 1.08%
AcuraMDX Hybrid 268 50.6%370.2% 644 1029.8% 57 1.07%
BuickLacrosse Hybrid 256 -54.1%2033.3% 1,835 2767.2% 64 1.02%
ToyotaPrius V 250 -40.8%-73.0% 1,712 -51.7% 3,545 1.00%
ChevroletMalibu Hybrid 242 3.9%-40.8% 1,023 -38.1% 1,654 0.97%
NissanRogue Hybrid 233 -44.8%N/A 1,398 N/A - 0.93%
AcuraRLX Hybrid 68 1.5%209.1% 255 183.3% 90 0.27%
LexusLS 500h 40 -2.4%N/A 81 N/A - 0.16%
InfinitiQ50 Hybrid 19 -62.7%-81.4% 136 -73.8% 520 0.08%
LexusLC 500h 10 -23.1%N/A 40 N/A - 0.04%
AcuraNSX Hybrid 5 -68.8%-94.5% 72 -67.9% 224 0.02%
HondaCR-Z 5 -37.5%-94.1% 30 -92.9% 421 0.02%
InfinitiQ70 Hybrid 3 -57.1%-25.0% 18 -25.0% 24 0.01%
LexusGS 450h 3 50.0%0.0% 13 -31.6% 19 0.01%
AcuraILX Hybrid - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
AudiQ5 Hybrid - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
BMW ActiveHybrid 5 (535ih) - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
BMW 7-Series ActiveHybrid - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
BuickRegal Hybrid - N/AN/A - -100.0% 4 0.00%
ChevroletImpala Hybrid - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
HondaCivic Hybrid - N/A-100.0% 2 -95.7% 47 0.00%
HondaInsight - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 2 0.00%
InfinitiQX60 Hybrid - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 229 0.00%
LexusCT200h - -100.0%-100.0% 4 -99.8% 2,486 0.00%
MercedesE400H - N/AN/A - -100.0% 3 0.00%
NissanPathfinder Hybrid - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 324 0.00%
SubaruXV Crosstrek Hybrid - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 32 0.00%
VolkswagenJetta Hybrid - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 44 0.00%
Total Hybrid 25,019 -12.3%-19.0% 100,456 -11.6% 113,628 100.00%
Total Auto Sales 1,350,000 -18.0%-12.8% 5,440,654 0.2% 5,427,299
Overall Hybrid Take Rate1.85%1.85%2.09%

April 2018 Diesel Car Sales Numbers

Diesels sold in the U.S. (April 2018): 9,940
Diesel Take-Rate: 0.74%

U.S. Diesel sales for April 2018

BrandModel 4-18 Sales vs. 3-18 vs. 4-17 CY 2018 CY 18 vs 17 CY 2017 Current Month US ShareCurrent Month Manufacturer Share
FordTransit Diesel* 4,205 -8.8%4.5% 14,828 1.4% 14,624 42.30%Ford42.30%
RamRam Pickup Diesel* 3,043 26.5%N/A 8,788 1256.2% 648 30.61%Chrysler30.90%
ChevroletColorado Diesel 713 -3.8%-5.3% 2,632 0.2% 2,628 7.17%GM14.43%
GMCTerrain Diesel 290 -45.0%N/A 1,380 N/A - 2.92%Jaguar Land Rover4.38%
GMCCanyon Diesel 272 -0.4%-16.0% 954 -20.0% 1,192 2.74%Volkswagen4.21%
BMW X5 Diesel 231 -28.7%-2.9% 1,070 55.3% 689 2.32%BMW3.79%
Land RoverRange Rover Sport 179 -44.1%-22.2% 755 -41.4% 1,289 1.80%Mercedes-Benz0.00%
ChevroletCruze Diesel 159 13.6%101.3% 537 355.1% 118 1.60%
BMW 3-Series Diesel 125 -22.8%11.6% 485 0.6% 482 1.26%
VolkswagenTouareg Diesel 112 -32.5%11100.0% 759 75800.0% 1 1.13%
AudiQ5 Diesel 111 -41.6%N/A 498 N/A - 1.12%
Land RoverRange Rover 100 -40.8%-51.5% 442 -58.4% 1,062 1.01%
Land RoverRange Rover Velar 81 -49.1%N/A 491 N/A - 0.81%
JaguarF-Pace 51 -51.9%-61.9% 393 -63.6% 1,081 0.51%
AudiQ7 Diesel 47 -54.8%N/A 476 N/A - 0.47%
AudiA6 Diesel 42 -12.5%N/A 143 N/A - 0.42%
RamPromaster Van Diesel 28 12.0%3.7% 93 -26.8% 127 0.28%
AudiA7 Diesel 27 -32.5%N/A 106 N/A - 0.27%
BMW 5-Series Diesel 21 -16.0%N/A 47 17.5% 40 0.21%
Porsche Cayenne Diesel 21 -56.3%N/A 310 N/A - 0.21%
JaguarXE 20 -9.1%-92.2% 146 -81.7% 797 0.20%
VolkswagenJetta Diesel 18 -37.9%-97.2% 95 -85.1% 637 0.18%
AudiA8 Diesel 15 -28.6%N/A 53 N/A - 0.15%
VolkswagenBeetle Diesel 12 -36.8%-72.7% 60 36.4% 44 0.12%
VolkswagenPassat Diesel 5 -28.6%-99.3% 60 -92.2% 769 0.05%
JaguarXF 4 -77.8%-91.8% 81 -46.0% 150 0.04%
VolkswagenGolf Diesel 4 100.0%N/A 14 N/A - 0.04%
VolkswagenGolf Sportwagon Diesel 4 -50.0%-99.7% 45 -96.8% 1,417 0.04%
AudiA3 Diesel - -100.0%-100.0% 5 -16.7% 6 0.00%
BMW 7-Series Diesel - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
BMW X3 Diesel - N/AN/A - -100.0% 22 0.00%
JeepGrand Cherokee Diesel - N/AN/A - -100.0% 725 0.00%
MaseratiGhibli - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
MercedesC-Class Diesel - N/AN/A - -100.0% 10 0.00%
MercedesE-Class Diesel - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 16 0.00%
MercedesGL-Class Diesel - N/A-100.0% 4 -73.3% 15 0.00%
MercedesGLS-Class Diesel - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
MercedesGLK Class Diesel - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
MercedesGLE-Class Diesel - N/AN/A - -100.0% 11 0.00%
MercedesML Class Diesel - -100.0%N/A 3 -25.0% 4 0.00%
Total Diesel 9,940 -7.2%6.7% 35,753 25.0% 28,604 100.00%
Total Auto Sales 1,350,000 -18.0%-12.8% 5,440,654 0.2% 5,427,299
Overall Diesel Take Rate0.74%0.66%0.53%
* Estimated