The HybridCars.com monthly sales Dashboard is a collaboration of HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates, a Michigan-based market research firm focusing on automotive issues including the hybrid and electric vehicle market.

Sales for the year ended strongly for a total of 17.1 million, which is a banner result even if it is down by 2 percent from 2016.

December is traditionally a good month for auto sales as automakers seek to make their year-end goals. Plug-ins, battery electrics, and diesels all had stronger growth versus November and December 2016 as compared to the overall market. Changes in hybrid sales were weaker than the overall market. For the year as a whole, battery electrics and plug ins had strong growth as compared to 2016, while hybrids were up modestly and diesel sales were down.

For the year, BEVs were over 100,000 units or 0.6 percent of total sales. Plug-ins were just behind at 90,000 units or just over 0.5 percent of sales. Hybrids exceeded 360,000 units (up from 2016) at 2.1 percent of total sales. Diesel sales were down at fewer than 100,000 units or 0.55 percent of sales. Fuel cell vehicles totaled almost 2,300 copies, with the obvious problem of lack of infrastructure limiting sales.

SEE ALSO: November 2017 Dashboard

December was a good month for battery electric vehicles, with the Bolt EV hitting another all-time high at over 3,000 units. The Bolt came close to 25,000 sales for the year, and was not fully available until mid-year. Normalcy returned in December with the Model S outselling the Model X, but Model 3 sales were disappointing (again) at just over 1,000 units. Tesla has stated that they are close to 1,000 Model 3s produced weekly, but the timetable for production of 5,000 units per week has been pushed into the second quarter of this year. For the year, U.S. sales of the Model S were down 9 percent while the Model X grew by 20 percent. While the Leaf had yet another poor month, production of the new version has begun so volumes will increase in the coming months. Production of the Fiat 500 electric may end soon as the underlying model is on the way out. Honda’s Clarity Electric sold over 500 copies in December, and volumes should continue to build.

Plug-in hybrids surged from November, but were flat as compared to December 2016. The Prius Prime and Chevy Volt continued to pace the category, and both models enjoyed increases from November 2017. The Volt was down from December 2016 and for the year as a whole. There appears to be some movement of customers from the Volt to the Bolt as the vehicles are priced similarly and the range of the Bolt is winning customers. The Honda Clarity Plug In is now available and sales will grow in coming months. The Prius Prime continues to sell well; December 2017 sales were the best since May 2014 (when the vehicle was marketed under a different name).

The hybrid category had another middling month with sales down from December 2016 and up modestly from November 2017. The segment leaders did relatively well with the exception of the Prius Liftback, which has struggled all year. The Toyota RAV4 and Ford Fusion had good months and for that matter good years, with the Fusion growing by 70 percent. This category is a tale of winners and losers, with vehicles like the Toyota Highlander and Honda Accord doing well with the Camry and Prius Liftback and Prius C declining. Hybrids represent 2 percent of total sales for the year, which is in line with its share throughout 2016 and 2017. However, this share is likely to increase in coming years as additional products become available.

The diesel segment continues to be relatively small, with the Ford Transit and the reappearance of the Ram Pickup (albeit still not fully available) leading the category. Going into 2018, sales of the Ram Pickup will continue to build as the current version continues while the new Ram Pickup starts production in coming months. Both of these products will offer the EcoDiesel. Most of the rest of the vehicles in the category will continue to be offered in limited volumes.

December 2017 Hybrid Car Sales Numbers

Hybrids sold in the U.S. (December 2017): 32,187
Hybrid Take-Rate: 2.02%

U.S. Hybrid sales for December 2017

MfrModel 12-17 Sales vs. 11-17 vs. 12-16 CY 2017 CY 17 vs 16 CY 2016 Current Month US Share
ToyotaPrius Liftback 5,401 12.8%-30.6% 65,631 -33.6% 98,863 16.78%
ToyotaRAV4 4,846 11.4%1.5% 50,559 12.2% 45,070 15.06%
FordFusion Hybrid 4,169 17.7%16.6% 57,474 70.8% 33,648 12.95%
ToyotaCamry Hybrid 2,913 7.8%33.6% 20,985 -5.6% 22,227 9.05%
KiaNiro Hybrid 2,397 7.2%N/A 27,237 N/A - 7.45%
ToyotaHighlander Hybrid 1,606 15.3%57.8% 16,864 182.2% 5,976 4.99%
HondaAccord Hybrid 1,160 -26.9%-62.9% 22,008 139.8% 9,179 3.60%
KiaOptima Hybrid 1,007 -28.3%153.7% 5,537 -9.9% 6,142 3.13%
FordC-Max Hybrid 980 4.4%9.5% 10,250 -13.7% 11,877 3.04%
LexusRX 400 / 450 h 967 28.4%-1.8% 8,568 0.1% 8,561 3.00%
ToyotaPrius C 954 11.7%-42.0% 12,415 -39.3% 20,452 2.96%
HyundaiIoniq Hybrid 829 -11.7%N/A 10,765 N/A - 2.58%
LexusNX Hybrid 731 69.6%101.9% 3,323 16.9% 2,842 2.27%
ToyotaPrius V 707 4.9%-48.5% 9,680 -34.8% 14,840 2.20%
LexusES Hybrid 549 8.1%-25.2% 5,394 -29.4% 7,645 1.71%
HyundaiSonata 543 1.5%-60.5% 9,550 -49.6% 18,961 1.69%
LincolnMKZ 495 11.0%-25.8% 5,931 -17.8% 7,219 1.54%
ToyotaAvalon Hybrid 446 35.6%-56.5% 4,990 -41.0% 8,451 1.39%
NissanRogue Hybrid 402 11.4%N/A 1,066 N/A - 1.25%
ChevroletMalibu Hybrid 370 30.7%-53.2% 4,452 2.7% 4,335 1.15%
AcuraMDX Hybrid 228 -24.3%N/A 1,807 N/A - 0.71%
GMCSierra Hybrid 202 -9.0%20100.0% 937 46750.0% 2 0.63%
AcuraRLX Hybrid 69 91.7%122.6% 292 24.3% 235 0.21%
AcuraNSX Hybrid 56 -32.5%-17.6% 581 116.0% 269 0.17%
InfinitiQ50 Hybrid 56 30.2%-75.9% 870 -56.5% 1,998 0.17%
BuickLacrosse Hybrid 55 -81.7%111.5% 506 -33.9% 765 0.17%
HondaCR-Z 19 11.8%-88.1% 705 -69.8% 2,338 0.06%
LexusLC 500h 12 33.3%N/A 119 N/A - 0.04%
LexusCT200h 9 12.5%-99.1% 4,690 -47.3% 8,903 0.03%
InfinitiQ70 Hybrid 4 0.0%-66.7% 58 -50.8% 118 0.01%
LexusGS 450h 3 200.0%-50.0% 50 -28.6% 70 0.01%
HondaCivic Hybrid 2 100.0%-83.3% 65 -93.4% 985 0.01%
AcuraILX Hybrid - N/AN/A - -100.0% 1 0.00%
AudiQ5 Hybrid - N/AN/A - -100.0% 18 0.00%
BMW ActiveHybrid 5 (535ih) - N/AN/A - -100.0% 18 0.00%
BMW 7-Series ActiveHybrid - N/AN/A - -100.0% 1 0.00%
BuickRegal Hybrid - N/A-100.0% 6 -86.7% 45 0.00%
ChevroletImpala Hybrid - N/AN/A 1 -97.1% 35 0.00%
HondaInsight - N/A-100.0% 3 -95.5% 67 0.00%
InfinitiQX60 Hybrid - N/A-100.0% 298 -73.2% 1,114 0.00%
LexusLS 600h - N/A-100.0% - -100.0% 40 0.00%
MercedesE400H - N/AN/A 3 -78.6% 14 0.00%
NissanPathfinder Hybrid - N/A-100.0% 389 -52.3% 816 0.00%
SubaruXV Crosstrek Hybrid - N/A-100.0% 45 -97.9% 2,173 0.00%
VolkswagenJetta Hybrid - N/A-100.0% 70 -90.1% 709 0.00%
Total Hybrid 32,187 7.0%-6.7% 364,174 4.9% 347,022
Total Auto Sales 1,595,793 15.0%-5.1% 17,134,733 -1.9% 17,464,777
Overall Hybrid Take Rate2.02%2.13%1.99%

December 2017 Plug-in Hybrid Car Sales Numbers

Plug-in Hybrids sold in the U.S. (December 2017): 10,190
Plug-in Hybrid Take-Rate: 0.64%

U.S. Plug-in Hybrid sales for December 2017

MfgrModel 12-17 Sales vs. 11-17 vs. 12-16 CY 2017 CY 17 vs 16 CY 2016 Current Month U.S. Share
ToyotaPrius Prime2,42032.00%47.50%20,936745.20%2,47723.75%
ChevroletVolt1,93713.80%-47.50%20,349-17.70%24,73919.01%
HondaClarity Plug In89817860.00%N/A903N/A - 8.81%
FordFusion Energi87519.70%-20.40%9,632-39.60%15,9388.59%
BMWX5832-10.40%46.20%5,349-10.80%5,9958.16%
BMW5-Series Plug in706-19.00%N/A3,772N/A - 6.93%
FordC-Max Energi436-16.60%-66.20%8,1402.30%7,9574.28%
VolvoXC90 Plug In36880.40%80.40%2,22810.30%2,0203.61%
BMW3-Series Plug in363-23.90%51.30%4,141370.60%8803.56%
AudiA3 Plug In270610.50%-54.20%2,877-32.80%4,2802.65%
ChryslerPacifica223-15.50%N/A2,981N/A - 2.19%
VolvoXC60 Plug In174112.20%N/A531N/A - 1.71%
KiaOptima Plug In134-37.10%N/A1,512N/A - 1.32%
HyundaiSonata Plug In10313.20%-58.80%1,092-63.60%3,0001.01%
MercedesGLE 550e Plug In Hybrid82100.00%-1.20%463100.40%2310.80%
BMWi88081.80%-39.80%488-69.40%1,5940.79%
MiniCountryman Plug In72-25.00%N/A475N/A - 0.71%
BMW7-Series Plug in67-44.20%191.30%707939.70%680.66%
VolvoS90 Plug In5262.50%N/A117N/A - 0.51%
CadillacCT63520.70%N/A207N/A - 0.34%
MercedesS550 Plug In2618.20%-63.40%66621.10%5500.26%
PorscheCayenne S E-Hybrid23-39.50%-84.90%1,574-25.40%2,1110.23%
MercedesC350We Plug-in Hybrid 14-12.50%-91.80%817377.80%1710.14%
CadillacELR - N/A-100.00%17-96.80%5340.00%
PorschePanamera S E-Hybrid - -100.00%-100.00%18-95.40%3930.00%
Total PHEV10,19021.60%-0.20%89,99223.40%72,938
Total Auto Sales1,595,79315.00%-5.10%17,134,733-1.90%17,464,777
Overall PHEV Rate0.64%0.53%0.42%
* Estimated

December 2017 Battery Electric Car Sales Numbers

Battery Electrics sold in the U.S. (December 2017): 14,959
Battery Electric Take-Rate: 0.94%

U.S. Battery Electric sales for December 2017

MfgrModel 12-17 Sales vs. 11-17 vs. 12-16 CY 2017 CY 17 vs 16 CY 2016 Current Month U.S. Share
TeslaModel S* 4,800 242.9%-9.4% 26,500 -9.1% 29,156 32.09%
TeslaModel X* 3,400 88.9%3.0% 21,700 20.4% 18,028 22.73%
ChevroletBolt EV 3,227 8.0%457.3% 23,297 3923.7% 579 21.57%
TeslaModel 3* 1,050 200.0%N/A 1,770 N/A - 7.02%
BMWi3** 672 137.5%-15.0% 6,276 -17.7% 7,625 4.49%
HondaClarity BEV 527 14.8%N/A 1,121 N/A - 3.52%
VWe-Golf 343 18.7%-22.6% 3,534 -10.2% 3,937 2.29%
KiaSoul EV 204 -1.4%3.6% 2,157 24.8% 1,728 1.36%
Fiat500e* 200 -14.9%-43.3% 3,336 -14.4% 3,898 1.34%
SmartforTwo EV 129 89.7%222.5% 544 -17.2% 657 0.86%
FordFocus EV 113 -6.6%11.9% 1,817 108.4% 872 0.76%
MercedesB-Class Electric 111 258.1%105.6% 744 17.7% 632 0.74%
NissanLeaf 102 -41.7%-94.6% 11,230 -19.8% 14,006 0.68%
HyundaiIoniq EV 79 243.5%N/A 432 N/A - 0.53%
ChevroletSpark 2 -71.4%-88.2% 23 -99.2% 3,035 0.01%
Mitsubishii - N/A-100.0% 6 -93.6% 94 0.00%
Total BEV 14,959 77.3%14.4% 104,487 24.0% 84,247
Total Auto Sales 1,595,793 15.0%-5.1% 17,134,733 -1.9% 17,464,777
Overall BEV Take Rate0.94%0.61%0.48%
* Estimated
** Breakdown between electric and range extended model is not available.

December 2017 Compressed Natural Gas Car Sales Numbers

Compressed Natural Gass sold in the U.S. (December 2017): 0
Compressed Natural Gas Take-Rate: 0.00%

U.S. Compressed Natural Gas sales for December 2017

MfgrModel 12-17 Sales vs. 11-17 vs. 12-16 CY 2017 CY 17 vs 16 CY 2016 Current Month US Share
HondaCivic - N/AN/A - -100.0% 1 N/A
Total CNG - -100.0% - -100.0% 1
Total Auto Sales 1,595,793 15.0%-5.1% 17,134,733 -1.9% 17,464,777
Overall CNG Take Rate0.00%0.00%0.00%

December 2017 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Car Sales Numbers

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles sold in the U.S. (December 2017): 297
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Take-Rate: 0.02%

U.S. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle sales for December 2017

MfgrModel 12-17 Sales vs. 11-17 vs. 12-16 CY 2017 CY 17 vs 16 CY 2016 Current Month US Share
ToyotaMirai 296 18.9%155.2% 1,838 77.8% 1,034 99.66%
HyundaiTucson 1 N/A0.0% 28 -30.0% 40 0.34%
HondaClarity - N/A-100.0% 432 5300.0% 8 0.00%
Total Fuel Cell 297 19.3%137.6% 2,298 112.4% 1,082
Total Auto Sales 1,595,793 15.0%-5.1% 17,134,733 -1.9% 17,464,777
Overall Fuel Cell Take Rate0.02%0.01%0.01%


December 2017 Diesel Car Sales Numbers

Diesels sold in the U.S. (December 2017): 9,920
Diesel Take-Rate: 0.56%

U.S. Diesel sales for December 2017

MfgrModel 12-17 Sales vs. 11-17 vs. 12-16 CY 2017 CY 17 vs 16 CY 2016 Current Month US Share
FordTransit Diesel* 4,333 14.1%-5.2% 44,576 -11.1% 50,137 43.68%
RamRam Pickup Diesel* 2,147 51.8%371.9% 7,435 -78.4% 34,494 21.64%
BMW X5 Diesel 597 55.5%4164.3% 3,473 101.3% 1,725 6.02%
ChevroletColorado Diesel 557 -6.2%-38.7% 8,788 2.2% 8,595 5.61%
GMCCanyon Diesel 363 50.6%-27.4% 3,661 -7.0% 3,936 3.66%
AudiQ7 Diesel 276 2966.7%N/A 285 N/A - 2.78%
ChevroletCruze Diesel 256 36.2%12700.0% 1,675 554.3% 256 2.58%
GMCTerrain Diesel 234 58.1%N/A 473 N/A - 2.36%
Land RoverRange Rover Sport 197 3.7%-46.6% 3,026 -7.8% 3,282 1.99%
BMW 3-Series Diesel 191 28.2%24.8% 1,669 14.2% 1,462 1.93%
JaguarF-Pace 175 40.0%-62.5% 2,280 118.4% 1,044 1.76%
Porsche Cayenne Diesel 136 4433.3%N/A 139 672.2% 18 1.37%
Land RoverRange Rover Velar 126 22.3%N/A 395 N/A - 1.27%
Land RoverRange Rover 118 -18.6%-38.5% 2,286 -9.1% 2,515 1.19%
JaguarXE 51 -5.6%-56.4% 1,547 349.7% 344 0.51%
VolkswagenPassat Diesel 42 -8.7%4100.0% 3,081 308000.0% 1 0.42%
JaguarXF 37 -45.6%-32.7% 738 884.0% 75 0.37%
RamPromaster Van Diesel 34 30.8%-27.7% 404 1.8% 397 0.34%
VolkswagenGolf Sportwagon Diesel 18 -28.0%N/A 4,485 N/A - 0.18%
VolkswagenJetta Diesel 16 100.0%N/A 2,297 N/A - 0.16%
AudiA3 Diesel 7 0.0%N/A 130 N/A - 0.07%
VolkswagenBeetle Diesel 6 -60.0%N/A 314 N/A - 0.06%
VolkswagenGolf Diesel 3 -50.0%N/A 752 N/A - 0.03%
AudiQ5 Diesel - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
AudiA6 Diesel - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
AudiA7 Diesel - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
AudiA8 Diesel - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
BMW 5-Series Diesel - N/A-100.0% 41 -94.7% 780 0.00%
BMW 7-Series Diesel - N/AN/A - -100.0% 2 0.00%
BMW X3 Diesel - N/A-100.0% 28 -96.1% 720 0.00%
JeepGrand Cherokee Diesel - N/A-100.0% 725 -83.0% 4,253 0.00%
MaseratiGhibli - N/AN/A - N/A - 0.00%
MercedesC-Class Diesel - N/AN/A 10 42.9% 7 0.00%
MercedesE-Class Diesel - N/A-100.0% 26 -96.0% 657 0.00%
MercedesGL-Class Diesel - -100.0%-100.0% 35 -95.8% 838 0.00%
MercedesGLS-Class Diesel - N/AN/A 3 -57.1% 7 0.00%
MercedesGLK Class Diesel - N/AN/A 3 -90.3% 31 0.00%
MercedesGLE-Class Diesel - -100.0%-100.0% 18 -98.1% 972 0.00%
MercedesML Class Diesel - -100.0%N/A 11 -59.3% 27 0.00%
VolkswagenTouareg Diesel - N/AN/A 1 N/A - 0.00%
Total Diesel 9,920 28.0%18.6% 94,810 -18.7% 116,575
Total Auto Sales 1,595,793 15.0%-5.1% 17,134,733 -1.9% 17,464,777
Overall Diesel Take Rate0.62%0.55%0.67%
* Estimated