Toyota’s Automated- And Connected-vehicle Research

Wanting to make tomorrow’s driving safer, Toyota is strengthening its efforts and research into safety technology as well as into automated- and connected-vehicle technologies.

Toyota explained its Collaborative Safety Research Center (CSRC) is expanding its mission to advance automotive safety research, with a new focus on the challenges and opportunities that evolving vehicle technologies will present over the next decade.

Thanks to a new $35 million commitment that extends the center’s effort to the 2020s, Toyota said its CSRC will concentrate on supporting a safe transition to the future of mobility, particularly through emerging automated- and connected-vehicle technologies.

As part of this effort, added the manufacturer, researchers intend to explore the complex relationship between future mobility and broader social trends, such as the growth of networked “Smart Homes” and the so-called “Quantified Self” associated with the rise in wearable devices.

“At Toyota, we believe in the fundamental principle that when good ideas are shared, great things can happen,” said Osamu Nagata, president and CEO of Toyota Motor Engineering and Manufacturing North America, Inc. (TEMA), who made the announcement at Toyota’s 2014 Advanced Safety Seminar in Ann Arbor, Mich. “As new automotive technologies continue to evolve, CSRC is committed to working with its partners across the industry and beyond to help realize a future of mobility that is safer and greener than today.”

As part of this announcement, CSRC is entering another year of its three year commitment to the University of Toronto in a study to determine what types of feedback alerts (individually and combined) are most effective in helping inhibit risky behaviors. Toyota added the study also includes research on when feedback can become a potential distraction, what types of individuals are more susceptible to feedback, how drivers adapt to feedback over time, and whether the safety benefits of feedback persist even when it is no longer available.

“CSRC’s newly expanded mission recognizes that the emergence of advanced technologies is radically reshaping the transportation landscape,” said Chuck Gulash, director of CSRC. “Thanks to these exciting automated and connected vehicle technologies, drivers and their vehicles are increasingly working together as teammates and sharing more responsibilities on the road. We hope to help to pave the way for the safe introduction of these new systems, not only by refining the technologies, but also by preparing the drivers who will be using them — with the continued goal of saving lives.”

Considered by Toyota as the only research center of its kind in the industry, CSRC partners with institutions across North America to help advance safer and more responsible ways of moving people and sharing the results so everyone can benefit, stated the company. Since 2011, the Center has focused its research on active safety, driver distraction and at-risk traffic populations to better understand how to help protect people in crashes and prevent collisions from happening at all.

Over the last three years, the CSRC has launched 34 research projects with 17 partner institutions. To date, the Center has completed seven and made significant advances in the areas of human factors, active safety, biomechanics and Big Data – including (as listed by Toyota):

  • Developing standardized test procedures for vehicle and pedestrian pre-collision systems, including the worlds-first articulated mannequin that shares the same radar cross-section as a human, enabling regulators and consumers to measure and compare performance across multiple makes and models;
  • Conducting a comprehensive scientific study of the potential safety benefits provided by advanced driving technologies, such as pre-collision (PCS) and lane-departure warning (LDW) systems;
  • Building on studies examining the changes in physiology and seatbelt fit with age, taking body-scans of a broad range of age and body types and highlighting the continuous need for public education about the importance of proper seatbelt use. ;
  • Creating human body finite element models of a child so that engineers can account for differences in child body characteristics when designing vehicle safety systems.
  • Developing high speed tools to organize, process and analyze petabytes of naturalistic driving data (known as the Strategic Highway Research Program 2, or SHRP2) and making the tools available to all auto manufactures, suppliers, transportation agencies and research universities that share our goal of better understanding how we can prevent crashes in the future.

Toyota added the CSRC’s first phase of research will conclude in 2016. Research under the new mission will focus on developing human/machine interface (HMI) guidelines for next-generation automated and connected vehicle systems, the optimal user skills to operate these technologies safely and the unique challenges posed by a U.S. vehicle fleet that will likely feature automated and connected vehicles, as well as traditional ones, traveling the same roads.