President-elect Donald Trump’s choice for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency chief will review Friday’s ruling by the agency to confirm fuel economy rules. Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt, who will soon be EPA administrator if approved, responded to inquiries during a contentious Senate confirmation hearing. Legislators were upset by outgoing EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy’s decision to […]+ Read More
Hybrid Car Shopping Information
Panasonic wants to further tap into its strong working relationship with Tesla Motors, this time through autonomous vehicle systems. Self-driving car technology is considered by many to be central in the auto industry’s future, and Panasonic’s relationship with Tesla could be an opportunity the company has been seeking. “We are deeply interested in Tesla’s self-driving […]+ Read More
California’s air quality agency released its own midterm review report Wednesday finding the state hitting vehicle emissions targets and pushing to extend the nationwide rules beyond 2025. The California Air Resource Board published an exhaustive 667-page Midterm Review of Advanced Clean Cars Program report, finding that the state’s original intentions are being met. The technology […]+ Read More
Tesla vehicles equipped with the Autopilot feature will not be recalled, federal safety regulators said today, after closing an investigation into a fatal crash. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) closed its investigation into a Florida crash last May in which Joshua Brown was killed when his Model S crashed into the side of […]+ Read More
It’s no secret that Beetle sales are less than stellar and that’s led to rumors about the car’s future. Volkswagen doesn’t want to drop the idea of the Beetle altogether, because the nameplate holds such a special place in its history. Klaus Bischoff, head of VW design, called the current Beetle one of his favorite […]+ Read More
Amazon is taking autonomous vehicle technology very seriously, being granted a patent for communications between self-driving vehicles and roadway management systems. U.S. Patent 9,547,986 would share trip data from self-driving vehicles on roads that have reversible lanes; these are highway lanes in which vehicles may travel in either direction. Reversible lanes use overhead signals to […]+ Read More
Frequently Asked Questions
- Do currently available hybrids need to be plugged in?
- How do hybrids work?
- Is maintenance more expensive with a hybrid?
- Can you drive a hybrid in extremely cold weather? How about extreme heat?
- Can you tow with a hybrid? Can a hybrid be towed?
- How often do hybrid batteries need replacing? Is replacement expensive and disposal an environmental problem?
- Does long-term storage of hybrids create a problem?
- Are hybrids safe?
- Are all hybrids slow econo-boxes?
- Where can you drive a hybrid solo in the carpool lane?
- What tax breaks do you get with a hybrid?
- Will hydrogen fuel cell technology or pure battery-electric cars wipe out hybrids?
No. In conventional hybrids, the batteries recharge by reclaiming energy when the car brakes or by converting energy from gasoline via the hybrid’s internal combustion engine. Yet, the Chevy Volt is the first of many upcoming “plug-in hybrids,” offering the option to recharge more powerful batteries via a common household electric socket, while still maintaining a small gasoline engine to ensure longer driving range.
Instead of relying solely on a gasoline internal combustion engine, hybrids use both a gas engine and electric motors. The energy used by the electric motors are stores in rechargeable batteries. The ability to partially use electricity as a fuel means that you burn less gasoline. The computer system on a hybrid makes the decisions about which energy source to use at different times, based on maximizing efficiency while providing the same level of safety and comfort as conventional cars. Our technology section provides more details about how hybrids work.
Maintaining a hybrid doesn’t cost any more than a conventional car, and may even cost less due to decreased wear and tear on the engine and braking system. You might want to take your hybrid to a dealer, especially considering that automakers offer longer warranties on emission components and battery pack. Dealer service centers do usually charge a little more, but now that there are nearly 2 million hybrids on U.S. roads, many friendly neighborhood mechanics are now familiar with hybrids and are well trained to handle maintenance.
Hybrid cars are designed to operate in the same range of conditions and temperatures as conventional vehicles. For example, Honda’s specs indicate that its Integrated Motor Assist system will operate as low as 22 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, although we have seen reports of a Prius in Barrow, Alaska suffering from a frozen and damaged battery pack—at 56 below zero. See how the Chevy Volt plug-in hybrid was tested for frigid conditions. Something to consider: Gas mileage during cold weather is diminished for all vehicles, hybrid or not.
Towing a Toyota Prius or Honda requires front wheels off the ground. Honda’s (manual transmission) can be towed with wheels on the ground, but it’s not recommended. Honda’s with CVT can be towed with wheels off the ground. Tow dollies are commonly used.
Toyota and Honda will say not to tow anything behind their hybrids. Except for the Insight, which has an aluminum frame, it’s done everyday. Prius and Civic Hybrid can tow with a tongue weight of less than 100 lbs and total trailer under 1000 lbs. (Just basic guidance; be careful.)
General Motors Two-Mode Hybrids, like the Chevy Tahoe, are specifically designed for full towing capabilities. Other SUV hybrids have adequate towing power. For example, the Ford Escape Hybrid and Lexus RX 400h have towing capacities of 1,000 pounds and 3,500 pounds respectively.
How often do hybrid batteries need replacing? Is replacement expensive and disposal an environmental problem?
The hybrid battery packs are designed to last for the lifetime of the vehicle, somewhere between 150,000 and 200,000 miles, probably a whole lot longer. The warranty covers the batteries for between eight and 10 years, depending on the carmaker and the location.
Battery toxicity is a concern, although today’s hybrids use NiMH batteries, not the environmentally problematic rechargeable nickel cadmium. “Nickel metal hydride batteries are benign. They can be fully recycled,” says Ron Cogan, editor of the Green Car Journal. Toyota and Honda say that they will recycle dead batteries and that disposal will pose no toxic hazards.
There’s no definitive word on replacement costs because they are almost never replaced. We have seen anecdotal reports of total battery replacements costing about $3,000.
Hybrid storage for less than three months does not create a problem. If you plan to be storing your hybrid for a longer period, it’s a good idea to have the vehicle started up and run for 30 minutes every three months. If your hybrid is left dormant for even longer periods, you may need to have a professional test the state-of-charge, and potentially give the Nickel-metal-hydride batteries a boost.
The fact that hybrids run on electricity as well as gas has no bearing on their safety. You can always check out a car’s safety rating, but this is primarily based on crash tests. Many of the current hybrid cars are small, quick, and nimble (good at avoiding accidents), and rank high in safety ratings for their weight class. SUVs make people feel safe, but have an atrocious record in terms of rolling over and being difficult to maneuver. Furthermore, SUVs do not have to meet the same safety standards as passenger cars, because of federal rules classifying SUVs as light trucks. Safety is not a reason to avoid getting a hybrid, especially when evaluating the hybrid version of a vehicle compared to its conventional counterpart.
Just the opposite. Hybrid technology breaks the 1970s stereotype of fuel-efficient cars as strictly under-powered and lacking creature comforts. With gas-electric systems, engineers can decide how to strike the right balance between performance and efficiency. There are a growing number of hybrid compacts, sedans, SUVs, and trucks—and soon carmakers will offer hybrid sub-compacts and minivans. Lexus pioneered luxury hybrid cars, with Mercedes, BMW and others following in its track.
The HOV access laws are changing rapidly and are subject to local interpretation. Contact your local transportation authority to get a definitive answer.
The hybrid tax incentive program, which went into effect on Jan. 1, 2006, as part of the “Energy Policy Act of 2005.”, concluded on Dec. 31, 2010. New incentives, described on our incentives and legislation page, focus on plug-in hybrids and electric cars.
Most experts agree that cars powered by hydrogen will not hit the mainstream market for another ten to twenty years. It’s likely that the first set of hydrogen-powered cars will use more than one energy source, and thus will be considered hybrids. Electric cars began arriving in late 2010, but will co-exist with hybrids, giving consumers a range of options for electric-drive vehicles, from no-cord hybrids, to plug-in hybrids to full electric cars.
A year ago, we predicted the hybrid market would resume growth in 2011—after three years of sliding sales. That didn’t pan out. Compared to 2010, last year’s sales of gas-electric vehicles fell by 2.2 percent—so, the slide continued for a fourth year. Yet, the essentially flat sales could be viewed as decent, considering the severe impact of the March 2011 Japanese earthquake on the supply of gas-electric and purely electric vehicles. As we move into spring 2012, the same things we said last year about hybrid growth are true again. Gas prices are headed north—and the list of attractive hybrids, EVs and other green car options is rapidly expanding.
After three years of declining sales, hybrid gas-electric cars will resume a growth trajectory in 2011. That’s due to two reasons: high gas prices and great new hybrid cars. Check out our annual rundown of what hybrid car models and trends to expect in 2011.
What are the major trends we expect as hybrid cars boldly move into the first year of their second decade? Plug-ins, new models, a growing market, and an evolving Prius.
What will be the biggest developments in 2009? Read about new hybrids coming out, upgrades for 2009, and where the hybrid market is headed.
What kind of year was 2008 for hybrids? Read about the biggest trends, quotes, news stories, and hybrid car introductions.